Physical therapy and rehabilitation services are healthcare specialties which are usually employed together for treating disorders of the musculoskeletal system and substantial movement. Their main function is to relieve pain, limit or prevent permanent disabilities of the patient, return injured persons to self sufficiency and productivity. Physical therapy and rehabilitation services involve evaluating, diagnosing and treating disorders of the musculoskeletal system so that patients can resume an active and healthy lifestyle.
PT is required to help victims of accidents or patients suffering from devastating conditions – to help them regain mobility, acquire flexibility and achieve balance and co-ordination. Conditions treated through physical therapy and rehabilitation services include permanent disabilities caused by accidents, strokes, traumatic brain injuries, birth defects, development delays, muscle weakness, brain injuries, post operative problems, spinal cord injuries, musculoskeletal disorders and neuromuscular disorders.
A physical therapist will use techniques such as strength training, stretching exercises, balance and coordination activities, hot packs and cold compresses, electrical stimulation, and ultrasound therapies to help the patient resume normal function. Physical therapy can be broadly classified into specialized areas such as orthopedic, geriatric, neurological, cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation therapy, sports medicine and pediatric physical therapy.
Orthopedic physical therapy deals with disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system and rehabilitation of patients after orthopedic surgery. Geriatric covers issues that affect people as they grow older and neurological PT is focused on neurological disorders. Cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation therapy is ideal for patients with cardiopulmonary disorders or those who have had cardiac or pulmonary surgery, while pediatric assists in early detection of health problems in children.
Physical therapy and rehabilitation services often succeed in bringing out miraculous recoveries in cases where modern medicine alone may not. The physical therapy and rehabilitation service map can be created for each patient according to his individual needs. Thus through a combination of medication, exercises and rehabilitative training, PT and rehabilitation services can help a patient to improve his daily function.